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Chandrayaan-2: Some Interesting Facts – First To Dock On The Moon’s South Pole

India is all set to make history again. It is sending its second sojourn to the moon, Chandrayaan-2. The Chandrayaan-2 will attempt a soft landing on the unmapped southern pole of the moon. An extremely complex maneuver, a soft landing is a slow, gradual landing which has been achieved only by the US, the former Soviet Union, and China so far. This type of descent means the spacecraft will suffer no damage as it slows down during descent, requiring complex control over its speed.

Plans for India’s second unmanned mission to the moon have been unveiled by the Indian Space and Research Organisation. Chandrayaan-2 will take off aboard the GSLV MK-III rocket at 0251 hours on 15 July from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.

Some interesting facts about Chandrayaan-2:

  • Lander: Its name is inspired by the father of the Indian space program, Vikram Sarabhai. This will touch down on a rugged lunar surface in 15 minutes. Mr. K Sivan says it would be the “most terrifying moment” of the mission. It is because this is a flight Isro has never undertaken.
  • The entire lifecycle of the Lander and Rover will be one lunar day, means equal to 14 earth days while the Orbiter will continue for one year.
  • The launch would take place at 2.51 am on July 15.
  • The money involved in making this mission is Rs 1,000 crore.
  • The estimated weight of the spacecraft is 3.8 tonnes.
  • It is made to carry out various experiments, including mapping of the surface, minerals, chemical composition, detection sparse water molecules above the lunar surface and rock formations.
  • Chandrayaan-2 will carry a total of 15 payloads – 8 on the Orbiter, 3 on the Lander, 2 on the Rover, as well as 1 passive experiment from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration of the US.
  • Chandrayaan-2 is going to be the first on the moon’s South pole.

Chandrayaan-2 is made up of three parts: an orbiter, a lander, and a rover. As it enters the lunar orbit, it will separate out into two parts, the orbiter, and the lander.

The orbiter will continue to travel around the moon and is responsible for studying the moon’s exosphere. Equipped with a three-dimensional camera and an X-ray spectrometer, it will pick up the moon’s X-ray radiations, which will help scientists understand the moon’s surface elements and minerals.

Political Statement has already started on this historical mission, The Congress Thursday condemned former Isro chairman Madhavan Nair’s remarks that the Chandrayaan-2 mission could have been carried out long ago but for a “political decision” of the UPA government.

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