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Heart Attack: Warning Signs, Ways To Reduce The Risk Of Heart Diseases

According to “heartfoundation”, A heart attack happens when there is a sudden complete blockage of an artery that supplies blood to an area of your heart. A heart is a muscle, and it needs a good blood supply to keep it healthy.

As we get older, the smooth inner walls of the arteries that supply the blood to the heart can become damaged and narrow due to the build-up of fatty materials, called plaque. When an area of plaque breaks, blood cells and other parts of the blood stick to the damaged area and form blood clots. A heart attack occurs when a blood clot completely blocks the flow of blood and seriously reduces blood flow to the heart muscle. 

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This also results in patients experiencing chest pain. As a result, some of the heart muscle starts to die. The longer the blockage is left untreated, the more the heart muscle is damaged. If the blood flow is not restored quickly, the damage to the heart muscle is permanent.

A heart attack is sometimes called a myocardial infarction (MI), acute myocardial infarction, coronary occlusion or coronary thrombosis. A heart attack is a serious medical emergency, which requires immediate attention. If you’ve experienced one yourself or have a loved one who has suffered a heart attack, you know it can be a frightening and devastating experience. 

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A heart attack, medically known as a myocardial infarction, is when the supply of blood to the heart becomes blocked. It can seriously damage the heart muscle and prove to be fatal. Based on a UK report, here are warning signs which people may experience a month before having a heart attack, or even earlier:

Fatigue

One of the main symptoms, which can indicate an impending heart attack, is experiencing unusual levels of fatigue. Performing simple tasks like making a bed or taking a shower can become noticeably more difficult and levels of fatigue increase by the end of the day. Women are more likely to report this symptom than men. 


Abdominal pain 

Another common symptom is abdominal pains – also stomach nausea, feeling bloated or an upset stomach. Before a heart attack, the pains will usually come in waves, easing and returning for short periods of time. 


Chest pains 

In men, chest pain is one of the most important early signs, which should not be ignored. But it only affects 30 percent of women. Feelings can be permanent or temporary and include uncomfortable sensations in one or both arms (more often the left), the jaw, neck, shoulders, and stomach. 


Insomnia 

Symptoms include difficulty going to sleep, staying asleep and early-morning wake-ups. These are associated with an increased risk of heart attack or stroke. It can include feeling high levels of anxiety and absentmindedness and is more common among women. 


Shortness of breath 

Dyspnea, or breathlessness, gives the feeling of not being able to draw enough breath, and can also leave you feeling dizzy. It often occurs in both men and women up to six months before a heart attack, giving a warning sign of a medical condition. 


Hair loss 

Losing hair can be another indicator and most commonly affects men over 50. Women can also be at risk and close attention should be paid to losing hair from the crown of your head. 


Irregular heartbeat 

Skipped beats or an irregular heartbeat often come with panic attacks and anxiety, especially among women. 


The irregular beats last for 

1-2 minutes and can cause dizziness and extreme fatigue. In this case, experts recommend calling a doctor right away. 


Excessive sweating 

Unusual or excessive perspiration can be an early warning sign of a heart attack and can occur at any time, day or night. It affects women more often and can be confused with hot flashes or night sweats, typical of menopause. 

One may also experience flu-like symptoms, which include clammy skin and sweatiness regardless or temperature or physical exertion. Sweating seems to be more excessive at night.


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Heart disease is a leading cause of death, but it’s not inevitable. While you can’t change some risk factors — such as family history, sex or age — there are plenty of ways you can reduce your risk of heart disease.

1. Don’t smoke or use tobacco

2. Get moving: Aim for at least 30 to 60 minutes of activity daily

3. Eat a heart-healthy diet

4. Maintain a healthy weight

5. Get good quality sleep

6. Manage stress

7. Get regular health screenings


If you have a condition such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure or diabetes, your doctor may prescribe medications and recommend lifestyle changes. Make sure to take your medications as your doctor prescribes and follow a healthy lifestyle plan.

Health is wealth… always take care of your health.

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